Parents, Know the Facts! – Morphine


MORPHINE IS A PAIN MEDICATION OF THE OPIATE FAMILY THAT IS FOUND NATURALLY IN A DARK BROWN RESIN IN POPPIES (PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM).


It may be hard to detect Morphine misuse, especially if the individual misusing the substance has a prescription. However, using Morphine in ways other than directed is classified as misuse and could lead to substance dependence or substance use disorder (SUD).


Forms of morphine: a solution (liquid), an extended-release (long-acting) tablet, an extended-release (long-acting) capsule to take by mouth.


PARAPHERNALIA:

Numerous empty morphine bottles/packets, needles, tourniquets, etc.


EFFECTS OF MORPHINE

There is no safe level of substance misuse. The following effects may be experienced:


Analgesia – powerful pain relief, calmness, cravings, drowsiness, feelings of warmth, euphoria – a false sense of wellbeing, relaxation, reduced anxiety.


WITHDRAWAL

Symptoms vary in intensity depending on the individual’s tolerance, overall health and metabolism, as well as the frequency and duration of substance misuse. Symptoms of withdrawal can begin as early as 6 hours after the last dose. These symptoms can include:


Runny nose, watery eyes, fever, vomiting, nausea, headaches, sweating, chills, muscle aches, diarrhoea, increased blood pressure, agitation, anxiety, depression, disorientation, insomnia.


LONG TERM EFFECTS

Depressed breathing, memory problems, irregular menstrual cycles, anxiety, severe constipation, chronic sleep disturbances, impaired muscle coordination, kidney failure, decreased metabolism, physical weakness, uncontrollable eye movements.

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